Subjunctive 101: General concept of the subjunctive
Multiple-choice exercise

Choose the correct answer for each question.

Subjunctive 101 General concept of the subjunctive

Spanish has two "moods". One is the indicative and the other is the subjunctive. The INDICATIVE mood INDICATES FACTS (My name is Miguel; It is sunny today; Last night I played soccer). The SUBJUNCTIVE reflects SUBJECTIVE PERCEPTIONS and UNTANGIBLES.

Specifically, the subjunctive mood is used for three traditional reasons:
Wishing
Doubt
Emotions

Since these three traditional causes comprise a fair number of subjunctive triggers, it is very important for students to be familiar with the vocabulary associated with these concepts, so have your dictionary handy. Remember that the subjunctive is not real. Rather, it only reflects what the subject is wishing, doubting, or feeling (p.s. that's why we call it subjective).

More subjunctive quick facts: The "trigger" (wishing, doubt, emotion) is in the indicative and the subjunctive traditionally falls in the latter part of the sentence. Furthermore, there tends to be two subjects, for example, WE hope that HE is well; They are glad that WE are here; The TEACHER hopes that the STUDENTS understand. The indicative part is real. Since the listener never knows the outcome of the subjunctive part, it is immeasurable. In the example "I doubt that it will rain" the "real part (my doubt) is in the indicative. Since we do not know the outcome of whether or not it will rain, that part is in the subjunctive.

In this exercise, identify the nature of the subjunctive trigger word. The three traditional uses of the subjunctive are verbs of WISHING, DOUBT, and EMOTION.